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Day 1 – Thomas Jefferson, A Primer
Day 2 – The First Wine of Record, Claret
Day 3 – Jefferson and Madeira
Day 4 – Jefferson’s Favorite Wines Available Today
Day 5 – Monticello Pictorial
Day 6 – Monticello Vineyards
Day 7 – The Monticello Cellar
Day 8 – Thomas Jefferson—Orchardist and Cidermaker (Part 1)
Day 9 – Quotable Jefferson
Day 10 – The Curious Philip Mazzei
Day 11 – Jefferson Vineyards
Day 12 – What Would Jefferson Think?
Day 13 – Thomas Jefferson—Cidermaker and Scientist-Farmer (Part 2)
Day 14 – Jefferson in Paris – A Pictorial of his Travels
Day 15 – Jefferson in Paris – Pictorial
Day 16 – Jefferson’s Wine Travels Through France and Italy
Day 17 – Jefferson’s Memorandum Notes on Journey Through France and Italy
Day 18 – Monticello Wine Festival
Day 19 – Jefferson in France, Thoughts on Bordeaux
Day 20 – Jefferson’s Paris Wine Cellar
Day 21 – Jefferson in Burgundy – Random Notes

Day 22 – Germany and Champagne, Jefferson’s Route

Always one to make the most of a situation, Jefferson used his time as Minister in Paris for a trip throughout Germany and Champagne in addition to his travels through southern France and northern Italy.  Departing Paris on March 4, 1788 en route to Amsterdam, Jefferson then made his way through Germany and eastern France, returning to Paris on April 23, 1788.

Jefferson began his journey in Paris and made stops in the following areas (in chronological order):

  1. Amsterdam
  2. Utrecht
  3. Dusseldorf
  4. Cologne
  5. Coblentz
  6. Wiesbaden
  7. Frankfurt
  8. Hanau
  9. Mainz
  10. Rudesheim
  11. Oppenheim
  12. Worms
  13. Manheim
  14. Heidelsberg
  15. Carlsruh
  16. Strasbourg
  17. Nancy
  18. Chalons-en-Champagne
  19. Epernay
  20. Meaux

From his travel notes during the Germany portion of the trip, Jefferson favored the wines of the Moselle (Mosel) as he made detailed comments in his Travelling Notes and ranked the top producers as he did with the wines of Bordeaux.

The best Moselle wines are made about fifteen leagues (45 miles) from hence, in an excessively mountainous country.

The first quality (without any comparison) is that made on the mountain of Brownberg (Braunberg) adjoining to the village of Dusmond.  The last fine year was 1783, which sells now at Fifty louse the foudre, which contains six aumes of one hundred and seventy bottles each, equal to about one thousand, one hundred and ten bottles.

Jefferson goes on to rank Vialen (Wehlen) as the second in quality followed by Crach-Bisport (Graach-Piesport), Selting (Zelting) and finally Kouse-Berncastle (now Bernkastel). (Hailman, 172)

After winding his way through Germany, Jefferson spent four days in vineyards and cellars of Champagne.  Champagne was the one great French wine for which Jefferson had no regular supplier, and he hoped to find one during this trip. Interestingly, Jefferson’s first purchase of Champagne appeared on his cellar list in 1787, three years after arriving in France.   This initial order of sixty bottles was a minor purchase by Jefferson’s standards. (Hailman, 177)

In tomorrow’s post I will explore Jefferson’s time in Champagne in more detail…

Day 23 – Jefferson in Champagne, A Detailed Exploration

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Sources:
Thomas Jefferson on Wine, Hailman, John

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